book proposes 16 games for introduction to mathematics in early childhood education

Games to playfully stimulate the learning of mathematics for early childhood education are part of a virtual book published by the Editora da Universidade de Taubaté (EdUnitau).

The book “Mathematics in early childhood education: 16 unconventional problem-solving proposals” introduces different methods that teachers can use with students. The publication is the result of research involving 17 early childhood education students, from 4 years to 5 years and 11 months, in a public school in Vale do Paraíba. The research resulted in a dissertation by Profa. Ma. Raíssa Alexandra Lopes Duarte, graduate of the Professional Master's Degree in Education (MPE) from UNITAU. Raíssa was guided by Profa. Dr. Maria Tereza de Moura Ribeiro, who is part of the MPE faculty.

The researchers highlight the role of mathematical teaching, with interactive methods, for the development of children's autonomy, allowing them to raise hypotheses and present ideas. The problems were developed based on the interest of the class in conjunction with the documents guiding early childhood education.

“They were interested in pizza, what they ate at the weekend, So we took advantage of this theme to develop a proposal in which they could problematize and construct mathematical concepts”, explains teacher Raíssa.

Student protagonism is essential. “The teacher does not induce the answers, children think, share, learn from colleagues”, says teacher Maria Teresa.

The quality of education is a topic closely monitored by the United Nations (HIM), being one of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (ODS 4). In the last two years, there was an increase in the illiteracy rate among young people due to the coronavirus pandemic.

No brazil, data from the Basic Education Assessment System (SAEB) point out that 20% of 2nd year elementary school students do not know how to do basic math operations, like addition and subtraction. This represents an increase in 4% in relation to the rate of 2019.

The connection between learning mathematics in kindergarten and elementary school is made by teacher Maria Teresa. “Early childhood education is a fertile point for stimulating logical thinking. If the child has contact with mathematics in this way, From an early age, she will have more chances of being a student who likes to solve problems, a behavior that facilitates the teaching of mathematics.”

According to professor Raíssa, It's not about anticipating concepts for children, but, sim, to stimulate the development of an understanding of mathematics. “If the child already has contact with mathematical knowledge, if she already develops mathematical perception in early childhood education, a spatial sense, of course, not fundamental, It will be easier to perform basic operations. Working with manipulative materials will allow this child to reach elementary school much more calmly in order to have access to these concepts.”


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